North American Overlay Mapping
Layer Notes - Grid Locators
The 'Grid Loc' foreground overlay shows the IARU Grid Locator system, used to identify positions by Radio Amateurs on HF and VHF, and in some contests and operating awards. First proposed at a conference in Maidenhead, England in 1980 (and hence sometimes called Maidenhead Locators), grid squares allow three levels of precision (two, four or six character) to define a station's latitude and longitude. The world is divided into a grid of squares that are ten degrees of latitude high by twenty degrees of longitude wide. Each square is identified by a diferent two-letter code. For example, the District of Columbia is in location 'FM'.
Each of these squares is further divided into 10 on each axis, giving 100 sub-squares, each of which is one degree of latitude high by two degrees of longitude wide. A diagram of this can be seen in Fig. 1. Each of these squares is identified by the two letters of the alphabet (generally shown in capitals), and two numeric characters. For example, Washington,DC is in location FM18.
For higher precision, each grid square may be further divided into 24 on each axis, giving 576 sub-squares, each of which is 2.5 minutes of latitude high by 5 minutes of longitude wide. A diagram of this can be seen in Fig. 2. Each of these sub-squares is identified by the two letters of the alphabet and two numeric characters as before, plus two lower-case alphabetical characters. Using this system, a station's location is thus identified to within better than 5.6 nautical miles anywhere on the surface of the Earth. For example, the centre of Washington, at latitude 38.92N and longitude 77.01W, is in location FM18lw.
There are a number of resources to help you find out your own Grid Locator, and some of these are listed below, but the easiest way is to select the correct NAOMI map and move the cursor over your location. The latitude/longitude and your grid-locator will be shown in the Status Bar, at the bottom of your browser. For more information, visit the Status Bar help-page. You can also get the Grid Locator value for the position of any Map-Pin by clicking 'Tools' > 'Pin Convert'. For more information, visit the Pin Convert help-page.
Grid Locator Resources
- EI8IC's World Grid Locator Map A world map showing all the 10° x 20° grid squares.
- Amsat Grid Conversion Page An online resource on the Amsat website that will convert Latitude/Longitude to Grid, and from Grid back to Latitude/Longitude again.
- Gridconv.zip This 76k zip-file contains Wingrid.exe and Dosgrid.exe, DOS and (16 bit) Windows versions of a simple program that converts between NGR, Maidenhead Locator, QRA, and Latitude/Longitude.
- WinGrid Ver3.6 This program calculates grid squares from latitudes and longitudes, the reverse, and calculates distances and headings from two sets of lat/long or grid squares. The program saves your home QTH information, converts from miles to kilometers, and allows switching between "DD MM SS" and "DD.ddddd" formats.